How were mummies made

how were mummies made

On the contrary, they began early to make plans for their death because of their great love of life. At several stages the form was coated with warm resin and the wrapping resumed once again. Special priests worked as embalmers, treating and wrapping the body.

How were ancient Egyptians mummified?

It was a delicate operation, one which could easily disfigure the face. Who Was Mummified After death, the pharaohs of Egypt usually were mummified and buried in elaborate tombs.

how were mummies made

It is the general process of this period that shall be described here. Much of what we know about the actual process is based on the writings of early historians such as Herodotus who carefully recorded the process during his travels to Egypt around 450 B.

Beyond knowing the correct rituals and prayers to be performed at various stages, the priests also needed a detailed knowledge of human anatomy. Process The mummification process took seventy days. These jars were often decorated with one of the four animal-headed sons of the god Horus, with each son protecting a particular organ.

how were mummies made

They could think of no life better than the present, and they wanted to be sure it would continue after death. As part of the funeral, priests performed special religious rites at the tomb's entrance. Canopic jars were still placed in the person's tomb but they were solid or empty and served a symbolic purpose.

The skin and first few layers of linen bandages were then covered with a resinous coating. By learning their age at death, the order and dates of the Egyptian kings becomes a little clearer.

Mummies in Ancient Egypt and the Process of Mummification

By chance, dry sand and air since Egypt has almost no measurable rainfall preserved some bodies buried in shallow pits dug into the sand. The most complicated mummification process The technique used on royals and high officials from the New Kingdom until the start of the Late Period, about 1550 to 664 BCE, is considered the best and most complicated mummification process. Ancient Egyptian mummified human head. The Ancient Egyptians believed that when a person died they made a journey to the next world.

how were mummies made

This involved embalming the body and then wrapping it in thin strips of linen. The information recovered is bringing the dead to life in ways never thought possible. The first step in the process was the removal of all internal parts that might decay rapidly.

However, the Egyptians discovered that if the body was first placed in a coffin, it would not be preserved. Through a magical process, these models, pictures, and lists would become the real thing when needed in the Afterlife. Share Icon. The dried organs were wrapped in linen and placed in canopic jars.