During the menstrual cycle, a batch of follicular cells develops, preparing the eggs for release. It neutralizes any acid residue in the urethra left over from urine.
The testes are housed in the scrotum, an external sac that keeps the sperm at a temperature lower than that of the body. I read that polar bodies are produced during meiosis so that the oogonium or gamete mother cell can be converted into a haploid female gamete or ovum by getting rid of the extra genetic material.
Fertilization usually takes place within the oviducts. This cell will begin the first meiotic division, but be arrested in its progress in the first prophase stage.
Meiosis begins with a cell called a primary spermatocyte. Only one of them develops into mature graffian follicle. Female reproductive anatomy: The bulk of the semen comes from the accessory glands associated with the male reproductive system, including the seminal vesicles, the prostate gland, and the bulbourethral gland.
CC licensed content, Shared previously. The vulva is an area associated with the vestibule that includes the structures found in the inguinal groin area of women. This haploid cell must go through another meiotic cell division. This mechanism would end up producing the same amount of ova, but with lesser labour such as DNA replication going waste.
The walls of the oviducts are ciliated covered in cilia and are primarily smooth muscle.
Male reproductive system: Hot Network Questions. A portion of the lining of the uterus sloughs off during each menstrual period if an egg has not been fertilized; it builds up again in preparation for an implantation.