What is the difference between a proverb and a fable? It is because by the sheer fact of his exclusive authority, the ruler is able to arbitrate conflicts among his ministers and to preserve the chain of command in his state, without which the state may collapse.
Zhonghua shuju, 1996.
By the fourth century BCE, a degree of re-centralization in individual polities was achieved, but interstate warfare further intensified, giving, in retrospect, the new era an ominous name: It caused not only considerable resentment in the short term, but, more ominously, brought about immense dislike of Qin—and of Legalism—among the overwhelming majority of the imperial literati for millennia to come Pines 2014a.
This widespread practice was deeply resented by the Legalists. The Shenzi Fragments: Assault on Culture and Learning 7.
Despite their pronounced belief in monarchic form of rule, most thinkers of the Warring States period insisted that the monarch would never succeed without a worthy aide. But going beyond this personal tragedy there is a more general question: The dynasty was no longer a success story, but rather that of miserable failure; and the ideas which guided its policymakers were discredited as well. During my second lesson I think that my philosophy that all students are capable learning the material was more obvious than any of my other philosophies.
The young girl explained that last week, when she was in a fight with one of her friends, she decided to write a really nasty note about her to another one of her friends.
Shen Dao further warns the ruler that if he decides on promotions and demotions on the basis of his personal impression, this will cause inflated expectations or excessive resentment among his servants: New York: Duyvendak, J.
Han Fei himself does not solve the problem of initial recruitment but develops ways to monitor subsequent promotion of an official:. Yet their derisive views of moralizing discourse of their rivals, their haughty stance toward fellow intellectuals, and their pronouncedly anti-ministerial rhetoric all gained them immense dislike among the imperial literati.
Apologetics of State Power in Early China. Hutton, Eric L. You can gain obedience to these laws by encouraging people to spy on each other, and to report any wrong doing they see to someone in authority.