If malaria is diagnosed and treated promptly, a full recovery can be expected. Most malaria deaths occur in young children under five years whose bodies have not had a chance to develop any immunity to the parasite. Health Topics.
If you have severe symptoms — especially during or after travel in an area where malaria is common — seek emergency medical attention. It is necessary to complete the course to avoid recurrence.
Antimalarial medication is usually given as tablets or capsules. Lose weight. An Introduction.
Continuous efficacy monitoring is needed to inform treatment policies and to ensure early detection of drug resistance. A mosquito net hung over a bed to help protect against mosquito bites during the night. Pregnant women have an increased risk of developing severe malaria, and both the baby and mother could experience serious complications.
The types of drugs and the length of treatment will vary, depending on:.
Moreover, fixed-dose formulations combining 2 different active ingredients co-formulated in 1 tablet are strongly preferred and recommended over co-blistered, co-packaged or loose tablet combinations, since they facilitate adherence to treatment and reduce the potential use of the individual components as monotherapy. Skip to main content. Testing for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase G6PD deficiency is not required, as a single low dose of primaquine is both effective in blocking transmission and unlikely to cause serious toxicity in individuals with any of the G6PD-deficiency variants.
If it is detected timely and proper malaria treatment is given then it is curable. Treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in nonpregnant adults and children. Tintinalli JE, et al.
Where the parasite is resistant to chloroquine then mefloquine or doxycycline are used. In low transmission areas, a single low dose of primaquine should be added to the antimalarial treatment in order to reduce transmission of the infection.
If malaria is diagnosed and treated quickly, most people will fully recover. The choice of ACT should be based on the results of therapeutic efficacy studies against local strains of P.
Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease. Prompt treatment — within 24 hours of fever onset — with an effective and safe antimalarial is necessary to effect a cure and prevent life-threatening complications.