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Mayak and others causing 433 deaths by acute irradiation, had led Soviet scientists and physicians to develop suitable techniques for radio-protection and care. The immediate cause of harmful health effects was the absence of an emergency plan. Ignorance and lack of preparation were so profound that in the wake of the explosion the vast majority of the actors in the drama: Due to the heavy administrative procedures, budgetary difficulties and political-scientific quarrels, none of these defensive measures, and in particular neither "Preparation B" nor potassium iodide, was available at Chernobyl in 1986!!
Previous Newsletters. The deeper causes of harmful health effects are political: Ever since the accident, these types of reactors have either been completely shut off or improved thanks to the improvement programmes from the European Union wherein the Spanish nuclear industry has also participated , the United States and Japan.
We recall the following data which characterize the harmful effects to public health due to Chernobyl. With Western assistance, the RBMK reactor design, operating procedures and training of operators have been progressively improved since 1986.
This vividly demonstrates an inadequacy in the control rods design, i.
We must also add to this that the RBMK reactor did not have a contentment enclosure, which would have contained radioactivity. The great sarcophagus at Chernobyl The Ucranian Minister of Foreign Affairs announced in November 2011 that there were enough financial commitments to begin construction of the new sarcophagus that will cover the Chernobyl reactor, which suffered in 1986 the greatest nuclear accident in History.
The great breadth and depth of relevant knowledge developed by Soviet scientists was not made known to the medical and nuclear communities of the Soviet Union. The Soviet authorities were warned well before the Chernobyl accident, but the warning fell on deaf ears. Like this: Related posts: Naukova Dumka, 1995.
How does a PWR reactor work? The results of their investigation have been made public, and are summarized as follows: Paragraph 136 reads as follows: By far the greatest harm - but there are no available figures - is found as suicide and violent death among the firemen, policemen, other recovery workers officially 313 000 recovery workers on the site and among the evacuated population who suffered a considerable reduction in the quality of their life.
The operative practices of soviet reactors were not akin to those of Western countries, where they would have never been allowed. Publications Audiovisual.
However, according to estimations of some nuclear experts, the control and protection systems of RBMK-type reactors still do not ensure safe operation of the plants. As far as back the 1970s they also knew how to protect against radio-caesium and radio-strontium. The Ucranian Minister of Foreign Affairs announced in November 2011 that there were enough financial commitments to begin construction of the new sarcophagus that will cover the Chernobyl reactor, which suffered in 1986 the greatest nuclear accident in History.
For example the radio-protective substance "Preparation B" was ready by the mid-1970s but the program not implemented!!