What is differentiation in plant biology

Fibers are long, slender cells; sclereids are smaller-sized.

Plant Development I: Tissue differentiation and function

OpenStax Biology. Content below adapted from OpenStax Biology 30. The shoot system consists of two portions: In monocot stems, the vascular bundles are randomly scattered throughout the ground tissue.

OpenStax Biology, a: Parenchyma cells are relatively unspecialized cells that make up the bulk of the soft internal tissues of leaves, stems, roots, and fruits.

what is differentiation in plant biology

Auxin produced by the apical meristem and young leaves above the wound induces parenchyma cells to regenerate the damaged vascular tissue.

Different cell types comprise each tissue type, and the structure of each cell type influences the function of the tissue it comprises. The Cellular Basis.

what is differentiation in plant biology

Image credit: Leaves typically contains two types of parenchyma cells: We will go through each of the organs, tissues, and cell types in greater detail below. In contrast, permanent tissue consists of plant cells that are no longer actively dividing. Cell Differentiation and Development Cell differentiation is only part of the larger picture of plant development.

User Contributions: There are also some differences in how these tissues are arranged between monocots and dicots, as illustrated below:.

what is differentiation in plant biology

Finally, the vessel elements undergo programmed cell death. Stems are usually above ground, although the stems of some plants, such as the potato, also grow underground.

Schelrenchyma cells therefore cannot stretch, and they provide important structural support in mature stems after growth has ceased.

Differentiation, Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation

In dicot stems, vascular bundles are arranged in a ring toward the stem periphery. They are alive at functional maturity, but lack a nucleus, ribosomes, or other cellular structures. Vessel elements are highly specialized cells. Photo by: Phloem cells, which transport sugars and other organic compounds from photosynthetic tissue to the rest of the plant, are living.

Coniferous plant species that thrive in cold environments, like spruce, fir, and pine, have leaves that are reduced in size and needle-like in appearance.

what is differentiation in plant biology

Public Comment: The stem region between two nodes is called an internode. This cell wall can take many forms, depending on the time and location of its formation within the plant.

what is differentiation in plant biology