By comparison, the rural Arab populations of Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia Iraq and Egypt were much more settled than their counterparts in Arabia and were subject to direct control by the Ottoman imperial administration. New Zealand Field Artillery.
He also made contact with the main Arab nationalist movement in Syria, the urban-based al-Fatat group, which greatly expanded the potential of the rebellion. Lunchtime Latest.
The power generating Arab nationalism was eventually turned off in June 1967. It was the great test for the newly independent Arab states and they failed it miserably.
First World War by the numbers. For a year, Raqqa has been ruled by the radical Islamic State in Iraq and Syria Isis led by Iraqis and Saudis who lord it over Tunisian, Egyptian, Chechen and Syrian fighters, as well as residents who have fled the foreign Isis and its harsh social and religious impositions alien to more moderate Syrians. Anzac Day in the Pacific.
The Salonika campaign. It was an artificial state, cobbled together by Britain out of three ex-Ottoman provinces, and bereft of any ethnic or religious rationale.
The Shiites in the south tended to view Arab nationalism as a Sunni project designed to reduce them to an insignificant minority in an expanded Sunni Arab domain. Education played a vital part in glorifying the past, in raising political consciousness, and in kindling a nationalist spirit in a generation of young Arabs. On the other hand, he notes that, by the end of the century, little was left of the goal of Arab unity but the debris of broken promises and shattered hopes.
When war came the British quickly positioned themselves as the principal backers of the Hashemite cause. But the Arab national movement did not sweep all before it.
Islam had a broader catchment area than Pan-Arabism because it did not differentiate between Arab and non-Arab. Adeed Dawisha has given us a timely, illuminating, and highly readable overview of the history of the Arab national movement from its origins in the 19th century to the present.
The city-based Arab nationalist groups were quick to exploit the seeds of a popular Arab backlash against Enver Pasha and the Young Turks for their own ends. Researching New Zealand soldiers. The second unsettling factor was the completion in 1908 of the Hejaz railway, which provided a direct link between Medina and Damascus, greatly facilitating Ottoman access to the Arabian interior.
Encouraged revolt At the Versailles peace conference in 1919, TE Lawrence, the British army officer who had encouraged the Arabs to revolt against the Ottomans, tried and failed to overturn the Sykes-Picot agreement. It was the first time that the Arab states let down their Palestinian brothers, but it was by no means the last.