The main scale on the Pueblo Anasazi style flute is the major pentatonic. Let's construct a dorian mode using the major scale starting on the bottom note of the xiao as an example. The dominant harmonic is the same scale as the harmonic minor we looked at earlier only starting on the 5th degree of the scale instead of the root, which is called the dominant, and is indicated by the arrow as shown in the illustration below:.
Or even unusual scales from Ethiopia like the Tizita major and minor, the Batti major and minor, the Ambessel major or the wonderfully named Yematebela Wofe scale?
A brief history on the Chinese Music.
There are also proto-Pueblo Anasazi flutes that also were made of bone, so for a true comparison of the dates we should look at the flutes that resemble the ones we know today. The dominant harmonic scale, which goes by many names including, the Silk Road, the Spanish, gypsy and the Freygish scale.
The number and placement of the holes was not standardized until the Jin dynasty 265-420 AD. Guaranteed not to Split! Before the Tang dynasty 618—907 AD any flute made up of one tube was called a di.
While the earliest Anasazi flute found dates back about 1,500 years, the earliest known version of what became the xiao dates back to 6,000 BC and was made of bird bone. From the classical and folklorique traditions The History of Chinese Music: This page will no longer be updated. This scale is also associated with music from the Middle East, including, Hebrew, Turkish and Arabic music.
Please note the altissimo register should not be attempted until the lower and upper octaves can be sounded with consistent volume and tone color. Major diatonic scale from bottom note. The xiao can play six minor pentatonic scales, each starting on a different pitch.
While Western music does not give names to any of the pentatonic scales or refer to them as modes, the Chinese do. The music of Ethiopia is a mix of Mid East and African influences. Again, this is usually just called a minor scale.
All examples will be shown for a xiao with C as the bottom note. The flute has also been fashioned to represent the flowing shape of bamboo. The xiao can play four different akebono scales.