This was not just a German development.
Not all categories were equal, however. By the summer of 1951, many of the families that had previously received no or limited support were granted discretionary emigration assistance.Hungarian gypsy dance a little differently
Remember me on this computer. In fact in 1936, he and his son were denied a permanent residence by US immigration authorities who were skeptical of any musicians who did not play classical music. See K. Sinti and Roma: Roma Civil Monitor Pilot project to strengthen the monitoring mechanisms of the implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategies through systematic civil society monitoring.
In this context, it was a category that came to override all others. On the narratives of forced migrants from Venezia Giulia, in particular those from Istria, see P. In the last months of 1958 several Romani families came to Germany as part of repatriation transports of ethnic Germans, the Aussiedlertransporte, from Poland.
Once the 321 Polish Romani passengers on these wagons under- stood that they had been separated from the other migrants, a panic broke out. He added that those Roma who had come on the latest transports could hardly be accused of crossing the border illegally since they had come on a sealed train. A Specialized Agency of the United Nations: On the exodus from these regions, see G. Although the approximately 70 Czech Roma who ended up on IRO rolls repre- sented a small fraction of the refugee movement across the Czechoslovak—Bavarian border during this period they constituted between 10 per cent and 20 per cent of the Czech Roma who had survived the near-complete destruction of their commu- nities by the Nazis.
The majority of IRO administra- tors knew of the persecution and murder of Romanies during the war, at least in broad terms, as did many commentators in the late 1950s. Stalinism as a Civilization Berkeley, CA 1995. Historical, Political and Social Perspectives, Budapest 2007 , 19—30. Gemie, F. Nor were they refugees, escapees, or defectors — even when those in question insisted that they had reason- able fears of persecution.
Silverman, Romani Routes: