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U of Minnesota 2006 , p. For Aarseth, a cybertext is one that promotes non-trivial interaction with the reader. Feminist game studies is thus methodologically disruptive in the ways it troubles boundaries and manipulates the rule structures of the dominant social order. Instead, the filmed reflections were replaced with CG reflections of the actors only, as well as of objects lying on a table visible in the shot.

Portnyahin Dmytro: Henryk Kotlarski, dr hab. The dove and the white flag are different images that both mean peace in western culture. He also notes that the semantics of games will always be a negotiation between the functions that players attribute to objects, the goals they accept for themselves, and those defined by the author in the game rules [13].

Boundaries are (but) a blur: Computer-generated imagery and the formation of seamless filmic space

Thus, the modelling of a system is bound by the objectives of the simulation, by its feasibility and by the knowledge its authors have about the original system itself [9]. Thus, feminist research on games works to claim space not only in game studies, but also in video game culture and the gaming industry at large. Stochastic logical networks: The former is time-sensitive and sometimes resisted by the game, the latter is more reflexive and indefinite, as it is not rooted solemnly in the game system and is more open to traditional meaning-making procedures.

Animated and experimental films are unique in this manner, as they present us with spaces that, even when originating in real life, have been intercepted in order to test the borders of our cognition; the limits of our perceptual capabilities, as in structuralist film.

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We have demonstrated the application of fractals as a metaphor for the construction and analysis of games as objects, as a medium and as a field of study. As digital visual special effects DVFX , with time, have come to emancipate themselves as a category, the industry standard nowadays sees feature films often driven by the use of computer graphics integrated with the live-action footage, or substituting for portions of it.

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Later, when Gonzalo Frasca proposed ludology as a field of study, he claimed that due to their interactivity, games not only represent, but rather simulate the behaviours of objects and systems through mechanical rules [7]. The recursive quality of fractals enables a shift in perspective between large and small levels of difference and irregularity, thus offering a mode of viewing functional rules in even the most chaotic data.

That was the case for Gravity , which was created not unlike a typical Pixar production. Jacek Koronacki 26 czerwca 1992 Recenzenci: Kwasniewski Bartosz: Variational and fixed points methods applied to selected Dirichlet boundary value problems Promotor: O zastosowaniu transformacji Laplace'a do statyki belek Promotor: Song Wen: It is an action that has both the positive function of recovery and the negative rule of increased danger.

Witold Kondracki 27 stycznia 1989 Recenzenci: She notices a doll bearing a significant resemblance to her colleague and approaches it, jumping over a fence which suddenly dissolves like a reflection in water.

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